Retinylidene Schiff bases in phosphatidylcholine reverse micelles: formation, protonation and stability
All-trans-N-retinylidene-n-butylamine 3 has been formed in inverted micelles of phosphatidylcholine (PC)–hexane containing varying amounts of water ([H2O]/[PC]= 0–3) and the formation, protonation and stability have been studied. The micelles have been found to catalyse the Schiff-base formation. The Schiff-base was found to be stable in the presence of structured water molecules bonded to the polar head groups of the micelles. A larger water-pool causes the decomposition of the Schiff-base. Schiff-base 3 intercalated in the inverted micelle was found to undergo protonation in the presence of 3-chloropropionic acid, the extent of which depended on the water-pool size. The results are discussed in terms of the formation, protonation and stability of retinylidene Schiff-base chromophores in rhodopsins.
Kapil, M. M., & Singh, A. K.
(1991). Retinylidene Schiff bases in phosphatidylcholine reverse micelles: formation, protonation and stability. Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2, 11, 1785-1789.
Journal of the Chemical Society, Perkin Transactions 2
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