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Presently, pills and injections are the two modes of therapeutic treatment available for tuberculosis (TB) patients. Many researchers have hypothesized inhalation drug delivery for reducing treatment times and possibly limiting the insurgence of drug resistance. This study was aimed at identifying and assessing the preferences of inhalation therapy over injections/pills among pulmonary TB patients.


Cross-sectional study design was used and a sample of 477 participants were recruited at selected three Directly Observed Treatment Short-Course (DOTS) centers in Bhiwandi city. Data was collected through a self-reported questionnaire. Descriptive statistics were reported, and binomial regression models were applied for data analysis.


The preference of inhalants over pills/injections among pulmonary TB patients was significantly associated with clinical characteristics. The patients who underwent treatment for more than 1 year were 1.7 times more likely to prefer inhalants over pills/injections when compared with a treatment duration of less than 1 year. Similarly, patients taking five or more pills/day were 1.7 times more likely to prefer inhalants over pills/injections when compared with patients taking 1–4 pills per day.


The study results signify that inhalants could be an acceptable method of drug delivery in this population of TB patients. Diverse drug delivery options for TB patients may greatly contribute towards TB treatment adherence.

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Journal of Clinical Tuberculosis and Other Mycobacterial Diseases

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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.




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